Malware 2020- What is spoofing and how to prevent it??
Spoofing is a type of malware attacks in which attackers build trusted source within users. In simple words, attackers pretends to be trusted to gain your confidence, get access to your device so they can steal your data like financial or personal information and also spread malware in your system. Spoofing apply by the various ways like Email, phone calls or IP address.
is popular techniques to gain access to someone’s personal data. After it, it spread malware within the system so hacking become easy to your system.
HOW SPOOFING WORKS?
As discussed, spoofing can be done by e-mail, website or phone calls. Actually it can done by the communication method.
Hackers provides you trusted software or service to gain your confidence and after that they access your system, they install malware in your system.
Another common ways about email spoofing is by registering a domain name similar to the one they are trying to spoof. For example, they make similar websites which domain name similar to popular websites.
Also spoofing done by the social engineering which refers to the way used to get your personal information, clicking a malicious link, opening attachment files. Let’s learn about everything
Types of spoofing
It is used by the hackers when they use email for hacking. They send various email to the users as a trusted source. Usually, hackers attached malicious code within the emails or given malicious website’s link. Actually it is the part of the phishing attack which is designed to steal your information. Mainly hackers provides the link of ransomware, trojans etc.
Cybercriminals sending emails with false sender address usually they are trying to do phishing attack on your system. But these emails not enough to fool the people. They send emails like you got an email from Facebook, Twitter or many more. But these emails written in text.
Millions of the website are available in the web. Mostly spoofing website done by those website who provides cracked software, free movie or songs. Attackers use these websites to gain your logins and information of you.
Attackers makes a normal website for you, but actually it is malicious. Mainly Its provide free software or application to users and force you to sign up to their websites.
When users download software, its attached malicious software and automatically installed when you install main software.
Caller ID spoofing
It’s happed when scammers fools your caller ID by making a call from unknown source.
Also, use IP spoofing by the hackers to disguise a Device IP address. Attackers target IP address to gain access your network that authenticate users based on IP address.
It happened when hackers need to disguise .exe Malware files in the system. Attackers send the file like .png.exe to your system and these files shows as .png. PNG is a photo format so we cannot recognise it as malware.
Text message spoofing
Sms spoofing is done by the sending text message to the user’s phone with a trusted number. Usually, they attached malicious link within the message and hide their identity. When we open it, the popup window occurs in the Smartphones screen and force us to download .apk file. Many users install these malicious applications.
Mainly text message attackers use Money type text or Job types text to the people. For example, they send you a text like you are hired in Amazon or Google. People get excited and login to their websites.
Spoofing vs Phishing
Phishing can be done by the spoofing but it is not the same thing.? Phishing is done by malware attacks in which hackers try to find your personal information like financial information or data. Their main motive to do fraud with you which tried to steal usernames, password or credit card information.? Usually they are done by the email spoofing.
Phishing is the example of social engineering which is used to deceive users.
how to know about spoofing
You have to vigilant about spoofing, it may be email, website or text.
Don’t open unsecured website. To know about unsecured website, use avast extension or Malwarebytes browsers add-ons in the browsers. When you open malicious websites, these addons warn you about the website.
Chrome or Firefox itself a good and secure browsers and they blocked unsecured website when you are trying to open it.
Don’t open website with HTTP, because it recognises as unsafe website. Watch the green bar when you open website in Browser.
Don’t open unknown emails, sometimes app like Gmail or Outlook put malicious emails in the spam folder.
Emails with Lottery, approval loans or money related force us to open these link. So do not open it.
Sone emails comes with attachment files so double check it.
Caller ID spoofing
I suggest you to use Truecaller application in your phone. It suggest about the spam calls.
How can I protect Spoofing?
If you want to save your device from virus or malware, you have to learn about malware.
For email Spoofing, enable spam filters in Gmail or Outlook.
Stay away from unknown emails and do not install application through it.
Don’t open websites that provides free software or mod application.
Most important- Use trusted cybersecurity software like Kaspersky, Avast, Malwarebyte or many more. They watch every activities of malware.